321/321H Stainless Steel Pipe/Tube
Bozhong Metal Group is one of the toppest 321 stainlesss steel in China.During these years of exporting , Bozhong Metal Group now has rich experience in the worldwide markets
  • Parameter
  • Applications

General Properties

Alloy 321 (UNS S32100) is a titanium stabilized austenitic stainless steel with good general corrosion resistance. It has excellent resistance to intergranular corrosion after exposure to temperatures in the chromium carbide precipitation range of 800 – 1500°F (427 – 816°C). The alloy resists oxidation to 1500°F (816°C) and has higher creep and stress rupture properties than alloys 304 and 304L. It also possesses good low temperature toughness.

Alloy 321H (UNS S 32109) is the higher carbon (0.04 – 0.10) version of the alloy. It was developed for enhanced creep resistance and for higher strength at temperatures above 1000oF (537°C). In most instances, the carbon content of the plate enables dual certification.

Alloy 321 cannot be hardened by heat treatment, only by cold working. It can be easily welded and processed by standard shop fabrication practices.

ASTM/ASTE: UNS S32100/UNS S 32109

Chemical Properties:

% Cr Ni C Si Mn P S N Ti Fe
321 min:17.0
min: 9.0
max:0.08 max:0.75 max:2.0 max:0.045 max:0.03 max:0.10 min:5*(C+N)
321H min:17.0
min: 9.0
max:2.0 max:0.045 max:0.03 max:0.10 min:5*(C+N)

Mechanical Properties:

Grade Tensile Strength
ksi (min.)
Yield Strength 0.2%
Offset ksi (min.)
Elongation -
% in
50 mm (min.)
(Brinell) MAX
321 75 30 40 217

Physical Properties:

Coefficient of
Thermal Expansion (min/in)-°F
Thermal Conductivity BTU/hr-ft-°F Specific Heat BTU/lbm -°F Modules of Elasticity (annealed)2-psi
at 68 °F at 68 – 212°F at 68 – 1832°F at 200°F at 32 – 212°F in tension (E)
0.286 9.2 20.5 9.3 0.12 28 x 106

Corrosion Resistance

1、exhibits good general corrosion resistance that is comparable to 304.

2、developed for use in the chromium carbide precipitation range of 1800 – 1500°F (427 – 816°C) .

3、can be used in most diluted organic acids at moderate temperatures .

4、can be used in pure phosphoric acid at lower temperatures.

5、can be used in up to 10% diluted solutions at elevated temperatures.

6、resists polythionic acid stress corrosion cracking in hydrocarbon service.

7、 utilized in chloride or fluoride free caustic solutions at moderate temperatures.

8、 does not perform well in chloride solutions, even in small concentrations, or in sulfuric acid service.

321/H can be easily welded and processed by standard shop fabrication practices.

Hot Forming

1、Working temperatures of 2100 – 2300°F (1149 – 1260°C) are recommended for forging, upsetting and other hot working processes.

2、Alloy not suitable for work at temperatures below 1700°F (927°C).

3、Material must be water quenched or fully annealed after working to re-attain maximum corrosion resistance.

Cold Forming

1、Quite ductile and forms easily.


1、Readily welded by most standard processes.

2、Post weld heat treatment is not necessary


Hardening rate of 321 makes it less machinable than 410 stainless steel, but similar to 304

Common Applications

1、Aerospace – piston engine manifolds

2、Chemical Processing

3、Expansion Joints

4、Food Processing – equipment and storage

5、Petroleum Refining – polythionic acid service

6、Waste Treatment – thermal oxidizers

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